A Guide to IRS Installment Agreements 1

What is an IRS Installment Agreement?

An IRS Installment Agreement is an agreement between taxpayers and the IRS that allows the taxpayer to pay their tax debt in smaller, more manageable monthly payments. This can be a helpful solution for anyone who cannot pay their full tax bill in one lump sum, yet wants to avoid additional fees and penalties.

Who is Eligible for an IRS Installment Agreement?

Generally speaking, taxpayers who owe less than $50,000 may qualify for a streamlined installment agreement. In order to qualify, taxpayers must have filed all required tax returns and must be current on their estimated tax payments. Those who don’t owe the full amount may also qualify for a partial payment installment agreement, which allows them to pay back a portion of their tax debt over time.

A Guide to IRS Installment Agreements 2

How to Apply for an Installment Agreement

There are several ways to apply for an installment agreement with the IRS. The easiest way is to apply online using the Online Payment Agreement (OPA) tool on the IRS website. Taxpayers can also apply over the phone by calling the number on their tax bill or by mailing in Form 9465 along with their tax return.

What to Expect During the Process

Once the IRS receives the installment agreement application, they will review the taxpayer’s financial situation to determine what monthly payment amount they can afford. The IRS may also request additional information such as bank statements or a pay stub to verify the information provided in the application. If the installment agreement is approved, the taxpayer will receive a notification from the IRS with their monthly payment amount, due date, and the fees and interest associated with their tax debt.

Benefits of an Installment Agreement

One of the biggest benefits of an installment agreement is that it can help taxpayers avoid additional fees and penalties for failing to pay their tax bill in full. Additionally, an installment agreement allows the taxpayer to pay their tax debt in smaller, more affordable monthly payments that fit within their budget. This can help ease the financial burden and stress associated with a large tax bill.

Drawbacks of an Installment Agreement

While an installment agreement can be a helpful solution for taxpayers struggling to pay their tax debt, there are some drawbacks to consider. One of the biggest drawbacks is the interest and fees associated with the agreement. The IRS charges interest on the outstanding balance of the tax debt until it is paid in full, which can add up over time. There is also a one-time fee for setting up the agreement, which varies depending on the type of agreement and how the taxpayer applies.

What If You Can’t Afford Monthly Payments?

If a taxpayer cannot afford monthly payments on their tax debt, they may qualify for an Offer in Compromise or Currently Not Collectible status. An Offer in Compromise is an agreement between the taxpayer and the IRS that allows them to settle their tax debt for less than the full amount owed. Currently Not Collectible status temporarily suspends collection activities by the IRS until the taxpayer’s financial situation improves. Our aim is to consistently deliver an all-inclusive learning experience. For that reason, we suggest this external source featuring more data on the topic. www.helloresolve.com, delve deeper into the topic.


If you’re struggling to pay your tax debt, an IRS Installment Agreement may be a helpful solution. By breaking your debt into smaller monthly payments, you can avoid additional fees and penalties while managing your finances more effectively. However, it’s important to be aware of the drawbacks of an installment agreement, including interest and fees, and to consider other options if you cannot afford monthly payments.

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